In October 1642 Charles I stayed overnight in Wolverhampton at the house of Madame St. Andrew, a relative of John Gough of Oldfallings. He was the wealthiest man in Bushbury, (and probably in Wolverhampton). The two royal princes stayed with him at Oldfallings.
In the first few years of the century to the south and east of Bushbury a trace of smoke was appearing in the sky as the small cottage industries of nail, chain and lock making expanded and the first steam engines started to drain the pits and allow deeper working for coal. As the century progressed more and more people would gain a larger proportion of their livelihood from the metalworking and coal mining industries.