At the time of the first census in 1801 the population of Bushbury was only 488 plus a further 369 in Essington, but according to the Poor Relief figures for 1803 four hundred and twenty people, i.e. nearly half the population, were receiving relief of some sort.
By 1851 there were 988 people in Bushbury and a further 644 at Essington, but by 1901 the population had grown to over four thousand. This was due in the main to the coming of the railways in the middle of the century, the expansion of coal-mining at Essington, and manufacturing industry in the extreme south of the parish towards the end of the century.
The first railway was the Grand Junction line from Birmingham to Warrington. It entered the parish near Showell Manor in the south, and much of its original construction can still be seen, particularly the bridges over Showell Road, Bee Lane and Greenfield Lane. The end of Church Road was turned into Three Tuns Lane to obviate the need for an extra bridge, but the old fork in the road can still be seen at the bottom of Elston Hall Lane.
Another traveller about this time was Her Majesty Queen Victoria, on her journeys to and from Gosport and Scotland. On September 17th 1860 she travelled south, her train being transferred from the L.N.W. system at Bushbury via Cannock Road Junction to the Great Western Railway. On August 24th 1861 she travelled north again by the same route, the L.N.W. locomotive taking over at the Low Level station. She is said to have enquired who lived in the house overlooking the railway from the hill at Bushbury, now known to be Low Hill House.
Although the coming of the railways had changed Bushbury in many ways, most of the land was still under agriculture. The farmers had their annual Agricultural Show, and some of the details for 1858 have survived. It was held on Friday October 22nd at the "Three Tuns" inn Oxley, and there were prizes for horses, cattle, sheep and pigs.
In 1890 the first manufacturing industry came to Bushbury with the establishment of the Electric Construction Corporation Ltd. who built their workshops in the formal gardens of Gorsebrook House, on the corner of Stafford Road and the old drive to Showell Manor.
Another small industry was established towards the end of the century, brickmaking. Mark Davis had a brickyard on the site of the present Bushbury Lane School, and Thomas Jones had another in the Jones Road-South Street area.